We’re asked all the time what the best way to cook mushrooms is, but it’s such a difficult question to answer.
There are so many wonderful ways to cook mushrooms to bring out their robust, rich flavor and pair them with complimentary foods.
Let’s take a look at the four most popular methods for cooking mushrooms, with tips straight from the fungi experts here at Monterey:
Cleaning & Preparation
Before you get cooking, it’s important to learn how to clean and prep your mushrooms.
Click here to open our mushrooms preparation tips in another tab, where we explain how to test for freshness, store, wash, slice and set yourself up for cooking success!
Sautéing Mushrooms on the Stove
Sautéed mushrooms are a savory topping on many meals, and are just as great served as a side.
- Get the right heat. Turn your stovetop to between low and medium heat and coat the pan in butter or oil. Two tablespoons generally does the trick for most pan sizes, but a simple rule of thumb is to use enough to coat the entire pan.
- Don’t overcrowd the pan. Because mushrooms are about 92% water, they steam when cooked. Prevent your mushrooms from retaining the released moisture and becoming soggy by spreading the mushrooms evenly apart on your pan. The mushroom pieces should never touch, so cook in batches if needed when preparing larger quantities.
- Give each side about seven minutes to cook. Set it and forget it! Moving your mushrooms around too much can affect their texture. Prevent mushrooms from becoming too rubbery or soggy by setting a timer for each side.
Use our base sautéed mushroom recipe to make flavorful, umami-rich mushrooms that pair excellently with most everyday meals. Or, here are three drool-worthy sautéed mushroom recipes to get creative in the kitchen.
Roasting Mushrooms in the Oven
Yes, mushrooms can be cooked or roasted in a conventional oven. As a matter of fact, this is the preferred method for preparing Portabella caps and stuffed mushrooms.
Here are a few tips for oven roasting:
- Coat. Lightly baste your caps or slices in olive oil or melted butter, or coat them in your favorite sauce or wet seasoning.
- Roast a single layer of mushrooms on your pan. See our advice on overcrowding your pan from the sautéing section above.
- Cook hot and fast. Mushrooms come out best if cooked at high temperature for a relatively quick but hot roast. Cook your mushrooms in a pan uncovered at 400 degrees Fahrenheit for 20 minutes, or until they are slightly browned.
One of the biggest benefits to microwaving mushrooms is that you don’t need to add any oil or butter (though you can add extra flavor by nuking them in soy sauce or another delicious wet coating).
Place your sliced mushrooms in a microwave-safe bowl and cover. Set your microwave to high and cook for 2-3 minutes, stirring once after a minute or so.
Share this helpful tutorial from The Mushroom Council on how to microwave mushrooms with your friends!
Mushrooms are one of the top five “vegetables” people make on the grill, yet do you know if you’re grilling yours correctly?
Here’s some of our best grilling advice:
- Chop right. Larger varieties like Portabellas are great to grill whole, but you may need to chop some mushrooms, especially if you’re mixing them with other veggies or making kebabs. See our recommended dice sizes in our Kebab Cookbook.
- Know how long to marinate. In the same way that we don’t recommend running water over mushrooms to clean them, their porous structure does not do well with soaking for too long in marinades. Twenty minutes is the ideal time to marinate. When marinated, mushrooms absorb these rich flavors and are able to retain better moisture on the grill. If you don’t have time to marinate, simply brush your mushrooms with oil then sprinkle them with a bit of salt.
- Use skewers when possible. While large mushroom caps can be placed right on the grates to cook, smaller chops can easily be placed on skewers to stop them from falling through. If you don’t have skewers handy, wrap in tin foil or use a grill pan.
- Know how long to grill. There’s a big difference between cooking mushrooms under direct heat or indirect heat. Find out how far away from the fire to place your mushrooms and how long to grill each side by reading our How to Grill Mushrooms Tips from the Fungi Experts.
Save Your Mushrooms for Later
Sometimes you end up cooking more mushrooms than you can eat. If this happens, don’t fret!
You can freeze your mushrooms to use later in tasty sauces, soups or blended recipes. Follow our step-by-step instructions for properly freezing mushrooms here.
Or, you could dehydrate them to make nutritious mushroom powder— perfect for adding to smoothies or shakes, broth, gravy and more. Here are our directions for making mushroom powder right at home.
Time to Get Cookin’
We hope that these mushroom cooking tips leave you inspired to eat more nutritious mushrooms.
If you liked these cooking directions, then you’ll love these five mind-blowing mushroom hacks!
Cook up delicious fungi with these easy and healthy mushrooms recipes in our More Flavor, Less Guilt Cookbook. From chili macaroni to shepherd's pie, they’re sure to satisfy.